Reviewed 7/31/2011

The Demise of Nuclear Energy?, by Morone & Woodhouse

Access to this book courtesy of the
Library of San Jose State University
Lessons for Democratic Control of Technology
Joseph G. Morone
Edward J. Woodhouse
New Haven: Yale University Press, April 1989




ISBN-13 978-0-300-04449-2
ISBN-10 0-300-04449-6 172pp. HC/GSI $21.00

Civilian Reactor Development Program, 1954-1966

Name Status Name Capacity
Status AEC Share
of Cost
Name Year Capacity
Source: Morone & Woodhouse, The Demise of Nuclear Energy? (Yale University Press, 1989), Table 3.2, p. 63.
Pressurized-Water Reactors
None N/A Submarine N/A Operated 100 Connecticutt Yankee 1962 575
    Converted Carrier 160 Operated 100 San Onofre 1963 436
    Indian Point 151 Operated 0 Indian Point 2 1965 873
    Yankee 175 Operated 18 Turkey Point 3 1965 666
            Ginna 1965 490
            Point Beach 1 1966 497
            Robinson 2 1966 665
            Salem 1 1966 1,090
            Surry 1 1966 775
            Surry 2 1966 775
            Diablo 1 1966 1,084
Boiling-Water Reactors
Borax 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 Operated Dresden 200 Operated 0 Oyster Creek 1963 620
EBWR Operated Elk River 22 Operated 90 Nine Mile Point 1963 610
Vallecitos1 Operated Pathfinder 62 Under Construction 22 Pilgrim 1965 670
    Humboldt Bay 50 Operated 0 Millstone 1 1965 652
    Bonus 16 Operated 74 Dresden 2 1965 800
    Big Rock 70 Under Construction 14 Dresden 3 1966 800
    La Crosse 50 Under Construction 69 Monticello 1966 536
            Quad Cities 1 1966 800
            Browns Ferry 1966 1,067
Organic-Moderated-and-Cooled Reactors
OMRE Operated Piqua 10 Operated 79 None N/A N/A
EOCR Cancelled Large Prototype 50-100 Cancelled   None N/A N/A
Aqueous Homogeneous Reactors
HRE 1 Operated Wolverine 10 Cancelled   None N/A N/A
HRE 2 Operated Pennsylvania
Power & Light
150 Cancelled   None N/A N/A
Liquid-Metal-Fueled Reactors
LMFRE Cancelled None       None N/A N/A
Natural-Uranium-Heavy-Water Reactors
HWCTR Operated Carolinas-Virginia 17 Operated 31 None N/A N/A
    Large Prototype 100 Cancelled   None N/A N/A
Gas-Cooled-Graphite-Moderated Reactors
EGCR Built, never run Peach Bottom2 40 Under Construction 30 Fort St. Vrain3 1965 330
Gas-Cooled-Heavy-Water-Moderated Reactors
R&D Cancelled East Central-
Florida West Coast
Nuclear Group
58 Cancelled   None N/A N/A
Sodium-Cooled-Heavy-Water-Moderated Reactors
R&D Cancelled Chugach 10 Cancelled   None N/A N/A
Sodium-Cooled-Graphite-Moderated Reactors
SRE 1 Operated Hallam 75 Operated 74 None N/A N/A
SRE 2 Cancelled None       None N/A N/A
Liquid-Metal-Fast-Breeder Reactors
EBR 1 4 Operated Fermi 5 90 Operated 74 None N/A N/A
EBR 2 Operated Several large prototypes Planned     None N/A N/A

Note: This table lists 21 commercial reactors. All but one are light-water types, in the first two categories. There were, during that period, many more commercial reactors in those first two categories than are shown; the source notes them by adding "and others" at the bottom of each grouping.

1 Vallecitos was a prototype reactor built by Bechtel and operated jointly by GE and PG&E. The table in the book describes it as "Valecitos (built by industry)". This reactor was shut down in 1963, but a small research reactor and materials laboratory operate on the site neat Pleasanton, California.
2 Peach Bottom was a prototype helium-cooled reactor. Ordered in 1958, it ran from 1966 through 1974. Two GE boiling-water reactors, each rated at about 1,180MWe, now operate at the site on the Maryland border in York County, Pennsylvania.
3 Located near Platteville, Fort St. Vrain was Colorado's only nuclear power plant. Proposed in 1965, it ran from 1977 through 1992. This follow-on to the Peach Bottom prototype HTGRE was considered a technical success. Due to frequent shutdowns, however, it failed commercially. The site now houses a power plant running on natural gas.
4 Operated from 1951 through 1964 at the Idaho Engineering Laboratory, EBR 1 proved Enrico Fermi's idea that fissionable fuel could be made in such reactors. It also was the first nuclear reactor to generate useful electric power. More important, it proved out many of the safety features inherent in the Integral Fast Reactor concept. It is now a national landmark.
5 This was a sodium-cooled reactor located at the Enrico Fermi Nuclear Generating Station outside Detroit. Rated at 94MWe, it suffered a partial core meltdown in October 1966; it was repaired and run again, but decommissioned in 1975. A boiling-water reactor of GE design, rated 1,098MWe, has operated at this plant since 1988, and the plant owner applied in 2008 for the license to build and operate a 1,520MWe unit.
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